Acupuncture & Natural Medicine            Dr. Peng in Bethesda and Rockville
History of Acupuncture
Acupuncture is a main component of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
the earlist acupuncture evidence can be dated back to 168BC. The
unearthed book described the distribution of meridians in the human

Later, there was "Huang Di Nei Jing"-the bible of Traditional Chinese
Medicine (100BC or later), in which it documented the principles of
acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine. Ming Tang Jing
(publishing date unknown) was first known book systemically
described meridians, acupuncture points. In 282AD, Dr. Haung Pu Mi
wrote a book, Zhen Jiu Jia Yi Jing. The book detailed 349 acupuncture
points. Later, Zhen Jiu Da Cheng (1601AD) becomes one of the best
known textbook that described in detail the acupuncture theory,
acupuncture points, meridians, and treatment of various diseases.

In modern time, acupuncture is widely practiced in China in almost
every hospital in China. As monotherapy or complementary therapy,
acupuncture has been used to treat many diseases including pain
associated diseases, neuromuscular diseases, gastrointestinal
diseases, and inflammatory diseases. It also gained notable success
in acupuncture anesthesia. Extensive research on acupuncture has
been conducted for last thirty years in both basic and clinic areas. It
has produced a large quantity of publications on the mechanism and
the clinic efficacy of acupuncture. Within China, there are more than
500 clinic studies published each year. For example, 350 clinic studies
ranging from small trial to large scale controlled studied published in
one journal- Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion in 2002 alone.
Similarly, many clinical trial results on acupuncture were published
worldwide in last 10-20 years.
Acupuncture started to gain popularity in US from 1972 when
president Nixon visited China. Acupuncture as a complementary
modality has been accepted or been known in US since 1970s'.
Currently, more than ten thousands acupuncturists practice
acupuncture. The number of people who received acupuncture are in
hundred thousands to millions. To better understand and evaluate
acupuncture and other alternative therapies, US congress mandated
National Institutes of Health to establish an agency now called
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
to study alternative medicine including acupuncture. Clinic trials to
evaluate acupuncture therapy are expanding. Efficacy of acupuncture
on certain diseases such as oesteoarthritis, chemotherapy-induced
nausea/vomiting and chronic low back pain has been confirmed in the
large clinic trials. Still, more trials are on-going.