History of Acupuncture
Acupuncture is a main component of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
the earlist acupuncture evidence can be dated back to 168BC. The unearthed book described the
distribution of meridians in the human body.
Later, there was "Huang Di Nei Jing"-the bible of Traditional Chinese Medicine (100BC or later), in which
it documented the principles of acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine. Ming Tang Jing
(publishing date unknown) was first known book systemically described meridians, acupuncture points. In
282AD, Dr. Haung Pu Mi wrote a book, Zhen Jiu Jia Yi Jing. The book detailed 349 acupuncture points.
Later, Zhen Jiu Da Cheng (1601AD) becomes one of the best known textbook that described in detail the
acupuncture theory, acupuncture points, meridians, and treatment of various diseases.
In modern time, acupuncture is widely practiced in China in almost every hospital in China. As
monotherapy or complementary therapy, acupuncture has been used to treat many diseases including
pain associated diseases, neuromuscular diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, and inflammatory
diseases. It also gained notable success in acupuncture anesthesia. Extensive research on acupuncture
has been conducted for last thirty years in both basic and clinic areas. It has produced a large quantity of
publications on the mechanism and the clinic efficacy of acupuncture. Within China, there are more than
500 clinic studies published each year. For example, 350 clinic studies ranging from small trial to large
scale controlled studied published in one journal- Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion in 2002 alone.
Similarly, many clinical trial results on acupuncture were published worldwide in last 10-20 years.
Acupuncture started to gain popularity in US from 1972 when president Nixon visited China.
Acupuncture as a complementary modality has been accepted or been known in US since 1970s'.
Currently, more than ten thousands acupuncturists practice acupuncture. The number of people who
received acupuncture are in hundred thousands to millions. To better understand and evaluate
acupuncture and other alternative therapies, US congress mandated National Institutes of Health to
establish an agency now called National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
to study alternative medicine including acupuncture. Clinic trials to evaluate acupuncture therapy are
expanding. Efficacy of acupuncture on certain diseases such as oesteoarthritis, chemotherapy-induced
nausea/vomiting and chronic low back pain has been confirmed in the large clinic trials. Still, more trials
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